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A la hora de usar alguna de estas palabras con "the" recuerda: si el sonido inicial es consonante, la "e" se dice
como la "a" catalana en "porta" o la "e" catalana en "Carles". Si te suena más el francés, la "e" en palabras como
"je", "me" y "le"; pero, si el sonido inicial es vocal, la "e" se dice como el nombre de la letra "e" en inglés.
A mis alumnos les digo que digan la letra "i" española dos veces seguidas.
Empecemos con los sonidos iniciales más comunes que por lo que sea cambian de sonido:
-las palabras que empiezan por "eu-",
-la "h" muda,
-la "o-" inicial que se pronuncia "w",
-la "u" inicial que se pronuncia como el nombre de la letra en el abecedario inglés.
En realidad las excepciones son pocas y, en su mayoría, son palabras de poco uso,
There's a eucalyptus tree in the garden.
You give a eulogy at a funeral.
He always says it's chilly when the temperature is -10ºC. That's a euphemism!
The euphoria after winning a basketball match is incredible.
I am a European citizen. The "Europe" that I live in is not democratic. I can't vote in any General Elections.
A eunuch is a man that hasn't got his vital attributes!
A euphonic piece of music is pleasing to the ear.
The Eurythmics is my favourite group.
The euthanasia supporters group is calling for a protest.
La "h" muda hace que el primer sonido de la palabra sea vocal: heir (heredero), heiress (heredera), heirloom
(objeto heredado), honorarium (dinero que se paga cuando no hay uan tasa establecida), honorary (honorario),
honour (honor), honourable (honorable), honourably (honorablemente), hour (hora), hourglass (reloj de arena),
hourhand (horario-manecilla de reloj), hourly (que ocurre cada hora)
En el caso de la "o" que se pronuncia "w" se trata básicamente de las palabras inglesas "once" y "one". Puesto
que "one" se usa para hacer palabras compuestas tenemos cosas como: a one-act play (una obra de un solo
acto), a one-armed person (una persona manca), a one-eyed monster (un monstruo con un solo ojo),
a one-horse town (insignificante o de poca monta), one-legged (de una solo pierna o pata), a one-man show
(un espectáculo de un único actor) a one-man car (un coche para una única persona)
En palabras que empiezan por la "u" en las cuales la "u" inicial es átona y no combina con otro sonido la pronunciación es "you" o más bien "iú": ubiquitous (ubicuo), ubiquity (ubicuidad), Ukraine (Ucrania), Ukranian, ukelele, ululate (ulular), unanimity/unanimous (unanimidad/unánime), las palabras que empiezan con "uni-" pero ojo con las palabras como "un-interesting (que NO lleva ese guión) y que sean la versón negativa de una palabra que empieza por "i".
Palabras con /ju/ o /iú/: urea (urea), ureter (uréter), urethra (uretra) uric, urine, use (uso/utilidad), ususal, usufruct, usurer, usurper, uterus, utilitarian, utilize, Utopia, utricle, U-turn, uvula,
Por último, y para que me den un óscar, hay algunas palabras que se escriben con yp- en cuyo caso la "y" se
pronuncia /i:/ o diciendo el nombre de la "e". Son muy poco frecuentes para darles importancia, pero como ejemplos: ypsiliform (con forma de "y") o Yprois (de Ipres)
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NOTE: All rights to the character images named "Ben", "Sam", "Ken" and "Pam" in these two exercise sheets belong to and remain with Enoc Burgos. You can find the files here and here. It is free to use for personal use. Not for commercial use.
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A pond I redesigned, just a little bit and all the sounds. As an EFL teacher I also need /schwa/ and /zh/. Once I make them, I'll just put them into the box with a few extra letters for spelling (doubling consonants) and particularly seperate versions of /c/ and /k/.
I had seen these balls in lots of shops. The idea is simple enough, but I have so many balls in the two packs that I included extra spelling variants and the game is good to go for my older students, who continually complain that I only have games for the younger kids!
This has been driving me daft. I probably made all the wrong choices in that I bought the ping pong balls, but they had writing on them. Grrr! I bought spray paint, which for an anti-graffitti person was bold; it was also a lot of fun! The choice of paint was simple... the one I already had in the house from the salt sound tracing trays. I ended up buying a tube of paint to make anti-slip socks. Hopefully it will stand out enough once dried to be visible for the kids. I'll keep you posted.
UPDATE: It was a disaster. The lovely yellow colour sucked all the juice out of the gold paint. I do not know how because it was very dry! However, I have a new white paint/marker and will try that one out and then varnish over it once it dries.
I printed out the alphabet using Inkscape and the Simple Print font. I added in lines to help the kids understand the sky, earth and underground reach of the letters. I used textile paint (€3) to go over the letters. Laminated. All that's left is to cut them out.
Here's a little picture I put together to start working on sight words.
I saw this on youtube made up as a card. I thought it would make a great project for two of my students to study words that are written with "ow", which, of course, can be pronounced /oa/ or /ou/. When they have finished their work I'll take more pictures and show you the after version!
My trolling through Pinterest today led me into a warp, from which I emerged with a complaint from someone that some manufacturer hadn't made all the letters in the three colours. Here's a version that resolves that issue. Print them off, laminate them, chop them up. You can make as many as you like. Please, do let me know if you find any mistakes! Also, if you do use them, let me know how you get on!
Download the high resolution image for initial sound position here.
Download the high resolution image for middle sound position here.
Download the high resolution image for final sound position here.
I hope you find this useful!
I've seen similar activities on Pinterest, but made up this little game for a kid who is having difficulties concentrating on so many sounds coming together. He will also have to write out the word and put the spelling rules into action. Should have more feedback soon.
Here's a list of words to practise. Remember... there's NO "b"!
I recently found these mini lollipop sticks and thought they would be fantastic as a way to save space on the table instead of having lots of flashcards to order. Again I've put the voiced "th" in "bold".
It's almost Carnival in Spain, so the shops are full of wonderful props. I also made my most dangerous purchase of recent times, a hot glue gun... Magic wands make for "magic e"!
"Y" is a consonant at the beginning of a word. However, in any other position it works as a vowel. On top of all that, it changes it's position depending on its position in the word. What an impostor!
La "y" es consonante al principio de la palabra. Sin embargo, en cualquier otra posición funciona como vocal. Además, cambia su pronunciación dependiendo de su posición en la palabra. ¡Menuda impostora!
Some stories for reading practice.
Algunos cuentos para practicar la lectura.
I have spent time working on this alphabet using CVC words. A more simple alphabet to use with my young Spanish students.
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